Osteochondrosis – a disease of the musculoskeletal system, which is based on degenerative changes in the joint cartilage. Localized mainly in the spine, affecting the disks between the vertebral bodies.
Osteochondrosis be treated, however, this process is quite time-consuming. When delayed therapy or if there is no low back pain can be complicated by such conditions that lead to disability. Osteochondrosis is widespread. 50 – 90% of people in the world in one form or another is suffering from osteochondrosis, equally affecting both men and women after 30-40 years. However, there are cases of occurrence of the first symptoms of the disease in children.
Cause of the disease OSTEOCHONDROSIS
The causes of osteoarthritis are many:
- Extensive metabolic disorders throughout the body;
- Frequent infections with severe intoxication;
- Spinal injuries in the past (fractures, bruises, vertebral displacement);
- Hereditary predisposition (presence of degenerative disc disease in relatives);
- Genetic defects of the intervertebral discs;
- Unbalanced diet (lack of minerals, trace elements and vitamins);
- Obesity and overweight;
- Age-related changes;
- Curvature of the spine (lordosis, kyphosis, scoliosis, and a combination thereof);
- Lack of physical activity for a long time (sedentary work, and so on.);
- Excessive load on the spine (the work as a loader or any other related to the heavy lifting, frequent bending of the spine, etc.);
- Frequent stressful situations;
- Pregnancy in conjunction with the redistribution of incorrect weight;
- Wearing uncomfortable shoes (close, high-heeled shoes);
- Congenital or acquired diseases of the foot, causing overloading of the spine when walking (flat feet, clubfoot, etc.).
- The more causal factors present in one person, the greater the risk of developing osteoarthritis.
- The mechanism of development of osteochondrosis has a long chain of processes. There malnutrition necessary substances of the vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs. This leads to the fact that even small microtrauma restored much longer than necessary. Cartilage, which consists of an intervertebral disc, gradually loses its strength decreases its elasticity, consistency and broken physiological changes shape.
All this leads to compression of the nerves coming from the vertebrae, causing pain in the back, as well as the development of a number of complications of the disease, which, if untreated, lead to quite serious consequences.