A few years ago in the major Western media immediately appeared a number of publications about ethical to take drugs to improve memory. Doctors and journalists wondered whether it is not doping, the use of which, as in sport, should be banned. Such attention to the problem due to the fact that it was then that the students en masse began to use the so-called smart drugs, commonly prescribed for patients with Alzheimer’s disease, attention deficit disorder, and so on. N. In Russia, however, to the question of ethics is far: drugs that are traditionally mom give lagging behind in School children, or who are taking the same students are simply ineffective.
- If you ask any forum “What to take to improve your memory?” – Someone will offer glycine or piracetam. Both of these drugs belong to a group of nootropics is extremely common in the former Soviet Union. It is known that the nootropic drugs – are compounds that stimulate metabolism in the brain. However, numerous studies have failed to prove that, for example, the same piracetam improves memory. As for glycine, that there have been only one small study, which can be regarded as in any way conclusive, demonstrating the benefit of the drug. In the West, glycine is viewed more as a means for the treatment of schizophrenia, although this is not common practice.
- Wishes to improve memory and thus “not poisoned any chemistry” is often used extract of biloba ginkgo, fish oil, vitamin E, ginseng, and so on. D., And so on. N. As is usually the case with alternative medicine, research, giving at least some certainty as to the effectiveness of these drugs, not so much. However it found that Ginkgo biloba helps dementia (senile dementia). But the study involving healthy people less ambitious and convincing. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are not effective to improve memory in healthy elderly people. Ginseng has only a small effect on cognitive abilities. A vitamin E, fish oil, multivitamins and many other biologically active additives not proved effective.
- Generally, pharmaceutical preparations for improving memory (donepezil, galantamine, rivastigmine) designed based on those who have to age it gets worse, for example, due to Alzheimer’s disease. However, for some time now, these funds are actively used for other purposes – bought by the students during the session. The same happens with drugs from attention deficit disorder (methylphenidate) and narcolepsy (modafinil). They increase the production of various neurotransmitters – norepinephrine, acetylcholine, dopamine, and the like. D. – Thereby improving signal transmission between nerve cells.
These drugs do help to improve memory for a few hours, concentrate. However, they have two serious disadvantage. First, under the influence of such funds, the person may behave abnormally, roughly in relation to everything that prevents him from practicing the selected task. Second, the drugs have been developed for human patients. How such funds operate on a healthy young brain in the long term is unknown.