The concept of posture. Methods posture assessment
Physical perfection of man is largely determined by its bearing. You agree that an ability to keep your body in combination with agile and coordinated movements makes you attractive and strong, confident person.
By definition, this is a familiar posture of Person, involuntary posture of a standing person.
From a morphological point of view of the posture determined by the position of the head, the shape of the spine and rib cage, the position of the pelvis, as well as the condition and quality of the muscles involved in maintaining our body balance.
From a physiological point of view, posture – a dynamic stereotype, which is formed by the mechanism of conditioned reflexes in the development and education of the person.
- The dominant role in the formation of posture plays an education and systematic physical exercise. So from an early age children should be taught correctly to stand, sit and walk, as incorrectly drawn stereotype over the years turns into a habit and fix it to the student’s age is very difficult. Posture man has not only aesthetic value. It affects the position, development and function of various organs and systems of our body.
- With the correct posture creates the best conditions for the work of internal organs, and consequently, to preserve the health and posture disorders affecting the function of the musculoskeletal system and the cardiovascular, respiratory and nervous systems. For example, with a hunched back or circular amplitude of movements of the chest and the diaphragm is reduced, thus breathing becomes shallow and vital lung capacity (ZHЁL) is also reduced. This means that the delivery of oxygen to tissues and organs of the body will be reduced, which may be one of the causes of headache, malaise, or cause other diseases.
So what is considered proper posture?
- Please remember that link all parts of our skeleton is the spine, which provides us with the vertical position of the body. The spine consists of individual vertebrae, which allow him greater mobility. The most movable vertebrae in the cervical and lumbar spine (in a standing position we can easily rotate the head and torso), and in the thoracic spine mobility is insignificant. The spine has four physiological bending, 2 of which is convex forward (cervical and lumbar kyphosis) and 2 – convexity ago (. Thoracic and sacral lordosis) They appear in early childhood due to the emergence of the child’s ability to keep his head, and then sit and stand . curvature of the spine formed by 6-7 years and finally fastened to the 18-20 years, t. e. in the student’s age.
- In the upright position our spine is held with the help of the muscles that surround it. These muscles form a natural muscular corset, so the uniform development of the muscles and the proper distribution of the muscular traction on the spine plays a huge role in the formation of correct posture. If the trunk muscles are developed equally, and the balance of the body is held without any muscular effort.